Born: October 15, 1957 Primary Instrument: Guitar
Jack DeSalvo began guitar lessons at age eight. By his early teens he was rehearsing and performing with local rock groups. The first transformation from interest in pop music to other forms occurred when he bought an LP based on its cover when he was 11. The record, already a classic by that time, was Fresh Cream. Hearing the track Sleepy Time Time inspired his early research into the Blues, including BB King’s Live at the Regal and recordings by Albert King and others. By 15 DeSalvo had picked up harmonica and mandolin and started to use a bottle-neck slide after seeing Johnny Winter and Duane Allman perform.
While trying to commandeer his teen-aged garage band’s repertoire to more blues oriented material, his friend Steve Aprahamian (now an eminent composer) played him Birds of Fire by the Mahavishnu Orchestra. This changed everything. Exposure followed to the music of Coltrane, Miles and early jazz. DeSalvo’s sketching and painting, which were the center of his activities from early childhood began taking a back seat to music, though he always felt they emanated from the same impulse.
Jack began studying classical guitar with his jazz teacher Al Faraldi. Al sent Jack to NYC to his teacher, Leonid Bolotine. A violinist with Toscanini’s NBC Orchestra, Bolotine had initiated the guitar department at Mannes College of Music and established the American Institute of the Guitar. At Bolotine’s urging, DeSalvo began to study theory and harmony and eventually composition with Ariada Mikéshina, who was formerly a student of Richard Strauss.
During his classical studies Jack continued to pursue jazz and improvisation, playing in ensembles with drummer and eventual recording engineer Tom Tedesco and the late Chapman Stick innovator Frank Jolliffe. Forming a group with Tedesco, trumpeter Charlie Monte and bassist Joe Buonomo, DeSalvo performed at clubs in NYC and New Jersey playing a repertoire that ranged from old standards to Wayne Shorter tunes and free improvisation.
DeSalvo went to Boston to attend Berklee College of Music. He also studied George Russell’s Lydian Chromatic Concept. It was at this time that he began his process of waking up every morning and writing music, encouraged by poet William Stafford’s practice of writing a poem every day. Though Jack has written long forms, symphonic works and chamber music, it is music written for small jazz bands that became the core of his writing. He feels these pieces, accessible to musicians through the jazz chart, are analogous to free-verse poetry, another art-form that has enriched DeSalvo’s sensibilities and informs his work.
Moving to lower Manhattan to immerse himself in the downtown music scene, his apartment was at the corner of Mott St. and Prince St. which was was then a nexus for a number of musical genres and related arts, down the block from the original Knitting Factory, around the corner from Lunch for Your Ears and near Todd’s Copy Shop-Gallery. It was in this milieu that DeSalvo developed his writing, which he termed Composing for Improvisers, while continuing to work on himself as an improviser.
He kept his jazz guitar and classical guitar techniques separate until he started to study with Bill Connors, the first guitarist with Return To Forever who had already recorded his landmark ECM recordings. Connors encouraged DeSalvo to break the dichotomy between plectrum-oriented jazz playing and right-hand classical technique. This was liberating and eventually led to Jack’s pianistic independence of moving voices while developing a flamenco-like fluidity with his right-hand fingers to match the plectrum technique he developed early on.
DeSalvo’s performances at this time were centered on his own compositions. and he performed concerts at Inroads, the Open Center and played at clubs including Seventh Avenue South and the Inner Circle. He made the first recording of his own music, Moments Of, with a group consisting of himself on guitar, Rick Jesse on tenor saxophone, Scott Butterfield on bass and Chris Braun on drums.
With drummer Chris Braun and bass player Mike Bocchicchio, both a few years his senior, he began regular extended sessions playing mostly jazz standards, music by Coltrane, Sonny Rollins and some of Chris Braun’s music. It was during this period and because of these two masterful players, Bocchcchio and Braun, that DeSalvo learned the meaning of swing and its powerful essence at the heart of jazz. They made a single recording of Braun’s music, engineered by Tom Tedesco, pre-Tedesco studio.
The next project, produced by the late David Baker was DeSalvo’s album Falls Home with Allen Farnham on piano, Drew Gress on bass and Tom Tedesco on drums, featuring DeSalvo’s compositions with quartet performances and solo guitar pieces.
Throughout DeSalvo’s early NYC experience he played numerous gigs with bass player Tony DeCicco whom he had known at Berklee. At one performance in a gallery on the Lower East Side they played in an ensemble that included saxophonist and composer Trish Burgess, who introduced them to her husband Bruce Ditmas. Tony and Jack knew who Ditmas was – a veteran of the Gil Evans Orchestra and The Paul Bley Quartet. A session was set up. Not a word was said and the playing commenced. It became obvious that the trio could improvise full pieces with a shared sense of compositional structure and yet with a feeling of total abandon. The result was such that they immediately became a band which was known from then on as D3.
D3 hit the downtown scene with their powerful interplay, performing regularly at the Knitting Factory and First on First. A recording was made at Joe Pedoto’s Omni-Mix Studio. Bassist Melvin Gibbs, who knew that Ronald Shannon Jackson was looking for a guitar player for his band The Decoding Society, played the recording for Jackson who then hired DeSalvo.
Several European and American tours with Ronald Shannon Jackson followed with what was to be the horn-less version of the Decoding Society, a band that included bassists Ramon Pooser and Conrad Mathieu and guitarists DeSalvo and the late Jef Lee Johnson. While in Europe DeSalvo met and played with many European and American musicians including Peter Brötzmann in Wuppertal and with Miles’ then current band at Club Rémont in Warsaw.
DeSalvo is featured on Jackson’s legendary recording Red Warrior (Knit Classics KCR-3032/orig. Axiom) with Jack playing electric and slide guitar as well as playing mandolin on the bonus track Harmolodic Christmas.
Soon after came Transparencies (Bellaphon CDLR-45057) with Karl Berger on vibes, piano and balafon, Jack on electric, 12-string and classical guitars, Anthony Cox on double-bass and Tom Tedesco on drums and percussion.
The first album from D3, Spontaneous Combustion (Enja/Tutu CD-888126), with Jack on electric guitar, Tony DeCicco on double-bass and Bruce Ditmas on drums, now a classic, was the very first recording at the then barely completed Tedesco Studio, engineered by David Baker and produced by Peter Wiessmüller.
Arthur Lipner and DeSalvo’s duo performances featuring Arthur’s vibes and marimba and Jack’s classical and electric guitars led to the recording Liquide Stones (Enja/Tutu CD-888132), which received enthusiastic reviews on both sides of the Atlantic: “Using both acoustic and electric instruments, DeSalvo demonstrates technique, intelligence and imagination with a broad streak of lyricism and passion in what amounts to one of the better guitar voices to be heard in improvised music these days.” – Cadence “Guitar and vibraphones in a thrilling duo recital with timeless, inflammable ideas. Thus warm ballads burgeon beside provoking, avant-garde sound plasma, forming their own integrated musical system of co-ordination.” -Rainer Guerich, CD Tips, Germany.
Arthur recorded DeSalvo’s composition Pramantha on his own album In Any Language that included Vic Juris on guitar.
DeSalvo performed with various ensembles at the Knitting Factory and elsewhere, including Pat Hall’s Quintet and his own groups including a trio with bassist Jeff Carney and Bruce Ditmas and a quartet with saxophonist Chris Kelsey, bassist Peter Herbert and Ditmas. This quartet eventually recorded DeSalvo’s album Sudden Moves (UR9989).
The album Stutches (UR9996), with Jack on banjo, mandolin and various guitars, Chris Kelsey on soprano saxophone and Tom Tedesco on tabla, percussion and drums was recorded at Tedesco Studio by engineer Jon Rosenberg.
Not long after, the long-time duo of DeSalvo and percussionist Tom Cabrera recorded their first album Tales of Coming Home (UR9986) with Cabrera on frame drums and percussion and DeSalvo on steel-string acoustic six and 12-string and slide guitars and mandolin.
All through this time DeSalvo was improvising on classical guitar. In his liner notes to his solo guitar record Jubilant Rain (UR9987) he says, “I discovered improvised music little by little as a teenager, studying classical guitar and playing in garage bands. It was, however, the solo recordings of Keith Jarrett that intimated a process that was perhaps even more paradigm shattering than the astonishing jazz that I was listening to at that time. Jarrett wasn’t simply improvising over the harmonies inherent in a composed song.
“He was making the whole thing up.
“…I was determined to search for, if not the same process, a process that would necessitate moving myself out of the way and allowing music that clearly already exists in some other world, some other dimension, some parallel universe beyond myself, to flow through my instrument, the guitar.”
A chamber group version of DeSalvo’s piece The Guest was commissioned by the Institute for Contemporary Art in Philadelphia and performed by Anthony Scafide’s chamber ensemble.
Though continuing to perform his own music in New York at various spots including The Internet Cafe with a quintet including saxophonist Tony Malaby, trumpeter Dave Ballou, bassist John Hébert and drummer Ed Ware and a quartet with Ron Horton on trumpet, Hébert and Tony Moreno on drums, this period turned into a time of intense self-reflection and focus on classical guitar repertoire from renaissance lute music, through Bach to modern works including Britten’s Nocturnal and transcriptions of Ginastera’s piano music.
DeSalvo premiered composer Sean Hickey’s Tango Grotesco, which was dedicated to the guitarist, at the Brooklyn Conservatory of Music.
A return to Omni-Mix Studio for a different type of solo guitar record, Pramantha (UR9988), with steel-string acoustic guitars and his own compositions, that, like predecessor recordings My Goals Beyond by John McLaughlin and Bill Connors’ Theme To The Guardian on ECM and even Bill Evans’ Conversations With Myself, renders a most personal album.
DeSalvo’s relationship with UNSEEN RAIN Records and producer-engineers Gene Gaudette and Jim DeSalvo has created an artistic home for DeSalvo’s work as a recording artist and as a producer, bringing in artists he respects like Chris Kelsey, Pat Hall, Tom Cabrera, Lee Marvin, Bob Rodriguez, Steve Cohn, Matt Lavelle and others.
Regular gigs with Jack DeSalvo’s Standards Trio with D3 cohorts Tony DeCicco and Bruce Ditmas led to the recording Heliconia (UR9991) under Jack’s name, while gigs with Tom DeSteno’s Trio that included DeSalvo and bassist Mark Hagan resulted in DeSteno’s album Coriolis Sky (UR999).
Besides various guitars and mandolin, DeSalvo performs on cello and mandola and a small, high-tuned alto guitar. Tom Cabrera and Jack DeSalvo’s second duo album Libra Moon (UR9978) is graced by Cabrera’s ever growing percussion set-up and DeSalvo’s cello, mandola and acoustic guitar.
In an effort to unite multileveled compositions with expansive improvisation, drummer and multi-percussionist Jon Berger, with old friends Lee Marvin on double bass and Jack DeSalvo on guitars, alto guitar, mandola and mandolin along with multi-reed wizard Dan Willis, convened at Jon Berger’s place on River Road to experiment with and develop the wide ranging music on their first UNSEEN RAIN album as a group, River Road (UR9994). Here they perform pieces by DeSalvo and Lee Marvin with roots in jazz, new music and folk and ethnic music. The second River Road album, to be recorded in the spring of 2013 will feature the addition of mallet master Arthur Lipner as well as some of his compositions.
D3 recorded three more albums for UNSEEN RAIN, Starlight (UR9990) with the trio covering vast territory with music by Charles Mingus, Sting and others as well as their own improvised compositions. Next D3 added guest saxophonist and Miles alumnus Sam Morrison for Over The Edge (UR9995), the title an inspiration from Carlos Casteneda’s Tales of Power, “Then a strange urge, a force, made me run with him to the northern edge of the mesa. I felt his arm holding me as we jumped and then I was alone.“ A live set by D3 with Sam Morrison at Tobacco Road (URB998) in NYC has been released on UNSEEN RAIN’s Bootleg Series.
For D3’s following album Off World (UR9972), DeSalvo, DeCicco and Ditmas enlisted multi-instrumentalist Matt Lavelle who contributed trumpet, flugelhorn and alto clarinet for an adventure into wild sonorities and improvisations.
Jack appears on numerous other recordings, including Chris Kelsey’s What I Say on Engine Records, exploring the repertoire of 70s period Miles with Kelsey on alto and soprano saxophones, DeSalvo and Rolf Sturm on guitars, Joe Gallant on bass and Dean Sharp on drums. Kelsey’s forays into new interpretations of the music of jazz masters and his own compositions, this time on the UNSEEN RAIN label, include the group One Up One Down on the album Live From Nowhere (UR9965) with Kelsey on saxophones, DeSalvo on guitar, Lewis Porter on organ, Joe Gallant on bass and Alan Lerner on drums.
Lion Hearted (UR9980) is a trio performing Jack’s pieces with Herb Kloss on concert and alto flutes, DeSalvo on cello, mandola and classical guitar and Tom Cabrera on frame drums and percussion. Another duo with Cabrera and DeSalvo, as of yet untitled,(UR9966) is due out soon.
Jack plays guitar on Pat Hall’s K3rnelPaN1C (UR9985) with Pat on trombone and electronic treatments via laptop, Joe Gallant on bass and Bruce Ditmas on drums, percussion and keyboards.
Yet another project emanating from Chris Kelsey’s current period of creativity with music by Chris and Ornette has Chris on his straight alto saxophone, Jack on cello, Lewis Porter on piano, Joe Gallant on bass and Dave Miller on drums. This yet-untitled album (UR9961) will be available soon.
Twin Cities-based guitarist Joel Shapira has joined old friend Jack DeSalvo in a remarkable guitar-duo album, Inherence (UR9963), recorded at Beanstudio, where they shed new light on several of Jack’s pieces as well as music by Wayne Shorter, Ralph Towner, two extemporaneous pieces and a standard.
Percussionist Tom Cabrera and DeSalvo on cello, mandola and guitar united with long-time comrade Matt Lavelle on trumpet, pocket trumpet, flugelhorn and alto clarinet for a new trio album Sumari (UR9962).
Jack DeSalvo has been involved in the production as producer or co-producer in many creative recordings including:
Happy House (UR9993) Chris Kelsey – alto and soprano sax, Pat Hall – trombone, Joe Gallant – bass and Dean Sharp – drums
Fish Cannot Leave Deep Water (UR9981) Bob Rodriguez – piano, Lee Marvin – double-bass and Krestin Osgood – drums
Send Out Signals (UR9979) Matt Lavelle – trumpet, alto clarinet, Ras Moshe – tenor sax, flute, percussion, Tom Zlabinger – double-bass and Tom DeSteno – drums
Round The World (UR9977) Steve Cohn – piano
When Rivers Run Free (UR9976) Blaise Siwula – alto and tenor saxophone, clarinet, Dmitry Ishenko – double-bass and Dave Miller
Things I Meant to Say (UR9975) Bob Rodriguez – piano, Lee Marvin – double-bass and Bruce Ditmas – drums
These Moments (UR9975) Rob Reich – guitar, Gandharva Earl Sauls – double-bass, tanbura and Jerrold Kavanagh – drums, zither
Lewis Porter (UR9964) Lewis Porter – piano, Joris Tepee – double-bass and Rudy Royston – drums
Jack DeSalvo lives near NYC and in addition to recording and performing on acoustic, electric, archtop, classical, alto, slide and-lap steel guitars, cello, mandola, mandolin, banjo, harmonica and other instruments he spends his time composing and teaching.
Copyright © 2013 Jack DeSalvo Music Edit
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New York, NY
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