Born: September 13, 1932 | Died: July 2, 2013 Primary Instrument: Piano
Bengt Hallberg is, without doubt, one of the most influential pianists in the history of Swedish jazz. In his Encyclopedia of Jazz, Leonard Feather called him “his country’s foremost jazz pianist,” praising his “unique, light-fingered style, exceptionally effective in single note lines on medium tempi.”
Throughout the 1950s he played not only with all the most important domestic stars of the idiom, most notably baritone saxophonist Lars Gullin and altoist Arne Domnérus, but with American visitors such as Stan Getz, with whom he cut a recording of an old Swedish folk tune, “Ack Värmeland du sköna. This became a hit when released in the U.S. as “Dear Old Stockholm”. In January 1954, the Swedish jazz magazine Estrad named him “musician of the year.”
Miles Davis would refer to him in interviews as one of his favorites but it was with Davis’s great rival Clifford Brown that Hallberg played in a famous late night jam session in Gothenburg. He went on to record an album with “Brownie” for Prestige.
Born (appropriately) on the west coast, in Sweden’s second city Gothenburg, Hallberg was just 15 years old when he cut his first record as part of a group fronted by bassist Thore Jederby and from 1949 to 1954 he was pianist and principal arranger for drummer Kenneth Fagerlund’s band, playing three nights a week at Vauxhall, a Gothenburg dance venue.
In the spring of 1950, at the tender age of 17, while still in high school, he shared first prize in a competition for young composers in the European classical tradition and made his first trio recordings. He would frequently make the then six-hour train journey to the Swedish capital Stockholm for recording sessions or radio work then return the same day so as to be back at school next morning.
In 1953 he was elected “jazz musician of the year” by the Stockholm bebop venue Nalen and the following year the Gothenburg newspaper Ny Tid awarded him 1,000 kronor for being “internationally acclaimed as instrumentalist and composer in spite of his young age,” the first time such a prize had been given to a jazz musician.
Starting out emulating Teddy Wilson, Hallberg rapidly became hooked on bebop, with Bud Powell as his personal favorite. He then fell heavily under the influence of pianist Lennie Tristano and so-called “cool jazz.”
However, he would also on occasion play boogie woogie and dance music, including many traditional Swedish favorites, for which he would switch from piano to accordion.
He is heard to best effect on the albums released under his own name on the Swedish Dragon label, the “All Star Sessions” from 1953-54 featuring Gullin, Domnérus, trombonist Åke Persson, clarinetist Putte Wickman and star U.S. bassist Red Mitchell, who later went to live in Sweden in quiet protest against the war in Vietnam.
This line-up recorded Hallberg compositions such as “Whiskey Sour,” “Side Car,” a blues in B flat, the melancholy “Pink Lady (Old Fashion),” “Redhead”, “Depressionism (Blue Grapes),” “Blues In Fourths” and his tribute to Sweden’s national dish, “Meatballs.”
Hallberg took part in the historic Jazz at the Pawnshop sessions in 1976 but in later years worked primarily in films. His best known work in this field was the music he composed for Madicken based on the Astrid Lindgren children’s book.