In the early 1930s, Creole accordionist Amede Ardoin made some of the first and most important recordings by a French-speaking musician from South Louisiana. In an era of strict segregation, many of these selections found him accompanied by Cajun fiddler Dennis McGee. This soulful and passionate body of work, including The Midland Two-Step and Les Blues de la Prison influenced the course of Cajun music and zydeco for decades to come.
Ardoin single-handedly created the modern Cajun style. The three-dozen songs he recorded in New Orleans, San Antonio and New York City were hugely popular when they were released in the Twenties. Ardoin himself was a sought-after dance musician who played both white Cajun gatherings and black La-la dances, and was known for his ability to improvise lyrics about those in attendance, a practice which sometimes got him in trouble.