Mongo Santamaria enjoyed a long and successful career in Latin music. His recordings and concert performances ranged from the authentic percussion music of Afro-Cuban religious rituals through to Latin-jazz reworkings of American jazz and pop hits.
His song Afro-Blue became a contemporary jazz standard, best-known in the coruscating version by saxophonist John Coltrane. His own adaptation of Herbie Hancock’s Watermelon Man provided the biggest hit of his career in 1963, and is regarded as a classic artefact on the Lounge Music scene.
He was born Ramon Santamaria in Cuba, and nicknamed Mongo by his father (the word denotes a tribal chief in Senegal). He began learning violin, but quickly switched to drums and then congas, and left school early to work as a musician on the highly active local scene in Havana.
He graduated to the famous Tropicana Club with bands like Conjunto Matamoros and Conjunto Azul, then moved to New York in 1950. He was able to pursue his interest in American jazz at its epicentre, while gaining valuable exposure playing with two of the most important Latin band leaders in the city, Perez Prado and later Tito Puente.
Their explosive percussion battles became a major attraction in Puente’s band, but in 1958 he left the band to work with the jazz vibraphonist Cal Tjader, who was beginning to explore the Latin jazz direction which made his reputation. He spent some years in California in this period, but returned to New York in 1962.