Syd. Smart, The 1st through 1998 JCMC (excluding the 13th) , began studies in percussion as a child with his father and older brother. Other teachers include: Milford Graves (US), Makanda Ken McIntyre (US), Cecil Taylor (US), Babatunde Olatunji (Nigeria), Steve Barrios (Puerto Rico), Ibrahima Camara (Senegal), Jose Luis Quintana, aka Changuito (Cuba), and Juan de la Oliva (Spain). Syd was a Music Education Major at Central State University in the late 60's and in 1973 recieved a Black Music fellowship to teach and study at Bennington College in Vermont, where he completed his B.A. Degree. He holds a Masters Degree in Education and Elementary Teacher Certification.