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Wojciech Karolak Wojciech Karolak

Wojciech (Wojtek) Karolak (born on 28 May 1939 in Warsaw, Poland), is a notable Hammond B-3 organ player who refers to himself as “an United States jazz and rhythm and blues musician, born by mistake in Middle Europe.” He has also played saxophone and piano professionally.

In 1958, he started working with the band the Jazz Believers playing alto saxophone. The Jazz Believers consisted of the future top Polish jazz players, among them Andrzej Trzaskowski, Trafika Dzajant, Krzysztof Komeda (famed for writing music for Roman Polanski’s landmark film “Rosemary's Baby”, and Jan Ptaszyn Wróblewski. It took a particular level of dedication to play jazz under the Soviet system of the 1950s.

Next, Wojciech Karolak played tenor saxophone in Andrzej Trzaskowski’s The Wreckers. In 1961, Karolak switched from saxophone back to piano. In 1962, he formed his own trio and started recording his own music. This trio become the premier jazz band in Poland and backed most Western/American artists visiting Poland, among them Annie Ross, Ray Charles, and Don Ellis, with whom he recorded. In 1963, he started playing with Ptaszyn Wróblewski’s Polish Jazz Quartet. In 1964 Karolak (under the name of the Kurylewicz Quintet) recorded an album called Go Right—the first Polish jazz LP ever released.

In 1966, he left Poland for Sweden where he played Rock music|rock and blues in music clubs in order to, in his own words, “make enough money to buy an apartment and a Hammond B-3”, which he eventually bought in 1973. From then on, Karolak spent more time Musical composition|composing and arranging though he did continue to collaborate and perform with others. He cooperated with famed violinist and future Miles Davis alum Michal Urbaniak in Europe and the U.S. While in Western Europe he also played with Red Mitchell, Putte Wickman, Leroy Lowe and others. He then returned to Poland and co-led the group Mainstream and worked as a composer-arranger for the Polish Radio Studio Jazz Orchestra.

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